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Adult Education Dictionary: Disabilities

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Dictionary Term
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Definition
Accommodations   Techniques and materials that allow individuals with LD to complete school or work tasks with greater ease and effectiveness. Examples include spellcheckers,...  
Adults with Disabilities (AWD)  According to the California Department of Education Fact Book 2009, Adults with Disabilities are individuals with cognitive, physical, sensory, or medical...  
Adventitious   A disability that develops anytime after birth, from disease, trauma or any other cause; most frequently used with sensory or motor impairments (contrasts...  
American Sign Language (ASL)  A method of communicating by using hand signs. Each sign represents one word or a concept that is typically expressed with several spoken words. For words...  
Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)  The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) (P.L. 101-336,1990)was signed into law under President George H W Bush in 1990. It applies to all private and...  
Anoxia   A lack of oxygen severe enough to cause tissue damage; can cause brain damage and mental retardation....  
Aphasia   Loss of speech functions...  
Assistive Technology   Any item, piece of equipment or product system, whether acquired commercially, modified, or customized, that is used to increase, maintain, or improve...  
At Risk   A term applied to students who have not been adequately served by social service or educational systems and who are at risk of educational failure due...  
Ataxia   Poor sense of balance and body position and lack of coordination of the voluntary muscles; characteristic of one type of cerebral palsy....  
Attention-Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)  Children with ADD (difficulty with attention span) who are also hyperactive or impulsive are often labeled ADHD, for attention-deficit/hyperactivity d...  
Attention-Deficit Disorder (ADD)  A condition characterized by the inability to concentrate. Between three and ten percent of U.S. school-age children are thought to have ADD. Many of...  
Autism   A neurological disorder that usually appears during the first three years of life. People with autism have problems with verbal and non-verbal communication...  
Behavior modification   The application of conditioning techniques to reduce or eliminate maladaptive or problematic behavior, or teach people new responses....  
Center for Applied Special Technology (CAST)  CAST is a not-for-profit organization that uses technology to expand opportunities for all people, including those with disabilities, through the universal...  
Cerebral Palsy   Motor impairment caused by brain damage, which is usually acquired during the prenatal period or during the birth process. Can involve a wide variety...  
Conduct Disorder   A group of behavior disorders including disobedience, disruptiveness, fighting, and tantrums....  
Congenital   Any condition that is present at birth....  
Disadvantaged Adults   The term “disadvantaged” encompasses many definitions. For the State Plan, the term “educationally disadvantaged adult” means an adult who (1) demonstrates...  
Dyslexia   A reading impairment, thought to be a genetic condition, which affects up to 10% of the nation's school children. Traits of dyslexia include transposing...  
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