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Adult Education Dictionary: Grammar

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Definition
Grammar   Grammar is the structure of a language. It is the set of rules specifying the way words are inflected (how endings are added to change the meaning) and...  
Grammar-Translation Approach   The grammar-translation approach is the historically dominant method of second language teaching in school. Students were expected to memorize vocabulary...  
Idioms   Idioms are groups of words or a phrase that mean something different from what the individual words might suggest. Examples: "a piece of cake": very...  
Imperative Form   The imperative form of the verb gives a command. It tells someone what to dol The imperative is the same as the base form....  
Infinitives   Infinitives are formed with TO: to walk, to talk, to think, to listen. Infinitives can be the subject of a sentence, the object of a verb, and the object...  
Interjections   An interjection is an unusual kind of word, because it often stands alone. Interjections are words which express emotion or surprise, and they are usually...  
Metaphor   Metaphors suggest comparison between two different things, e.g., Bill Gates has a heart of gold . . . His mind is a sharp razor....  
Modal   A modal is a kind of auxiliary. It comes before a main verb. Four common modal auxiliaries are can, should, would, and must....  
Non-count Nouns   Non-count nouns are usually things which cannot be counted, such as rice or water. Non-count nouns have a singular form, but when they are indefinite,...  
Noun   A noun is the name of a person, place, or thing....  
Object   An object usually shows who receives the action in a sentence. Example: Tim loves Jessica. He loves her. (Jessica and her receive the action. They are...  
Onomatopoeia   Onomatopoeia is 1 : the naming of a thing or action by a vocal imitation of the sound associated with it (as buzz, hiss) 2 : the use of words whose sound...  
Passive Voice   A sentence in the passive voice, the subject receives the action. In the passive voice, the subject often disappears from the sentence. Examples: The...  
Past Participles   Past participles are verbals....  
Phrase   Phrases are closely related words with no subject or predicate, and may be used as nouns, verbs, adjectives, or adverbs, e.g., Waiting for Technical Support...  
Possessive Pronouns   Pronouns that show ownership are called possessive pronouns. They include: mine, yours, his, hers, its, ours, and theirs....  
Predicate   Predicates are one of two main components of a sentence. They are verbs and the words used to explain the action or condition. They always agree with...  
Predicate Adjective   A predicate adjective follows a linking verb and tells something about the subject. Examples: The cat had a beautiful coat. The Thanksgiving turkey smells...  
Predicate Nominative   A predicate nominative follows a linking verb and tells about the subject. Examples: John Smith is the administrative assistant to the director of personnel...  
Preposition   A preposition usually comes before a noun, pronoun or noun phrase. It joins the noun to some other part of the sentence. Examples: on, in, by, with, under,...  
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