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Adult Education Dictionary: Learning Theory

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Dictionary Term
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Definition
Abstract Reasoning   Process using symbols or generalizations rather than concrete factual information to reach conclusion....  
Abstracting   A thinking skill that involves summarizing and converting real-world events or ideas into models....  
Action Research   Research designed to yield practical results that are immediately applicable to a specific situation or problem....  
Affective Filter   The Affective Filter is a psychological barrier through which language is filtered. If anxiety is high, less language is understood. If anxiety is low,...  
Affective Learning   Affective learning includes the emotional experiences such as feelings, concerns, and passions of the learner....  
Andragogy   The art and science of teaching adults as compared to pedagogy, the art and science of teaching children. Andragogy is based on four assumptions about...  
Audiolingual Approach   The audiolingual approach is a behavioristic approach to language learning, which stems from the belief that the ability to make a sound or use correct...  
Behaviorism   A theory suggesting that learning occurs when an environmental stimulus triggers a response or behavior. Based on classical conditioning theory, behaviorism...  
Behaviorist Models   Behaviorist models are based on the philosophy that learning is a change in behavior. Student behaviors which are rewarded will be repeated. Behaviors...  
Bloom's Taxonomy   Bloom's taxonomy is an approach to ranking learning by the sophistication or depth of learning required or accomplished. The taxonomy is named for Benjamin...  
Cognitive   Cognitive relates to mental processes such as sensation, perception, memory, problem solving, intelligence, language, and thought....  
Cognitive Map   The psychological definition of a cognitive map is the framework in the human mind through which we interpret objects, events, and concepts. The phrase...  
Cognitive Science   A science investigating how people learn rather than what they learn. Prior knowledge and out-of-classroom experience help form the foundation on which...  
Communicative-Based ESL   This approach to teaching English as a second language (also referred to as the functional approach or communicative approach) is based on the theory...  
Competency-based Adult Education (CBAE)  Competency-based Adult Education (CBAE) is an educational framework relevant to the practical needs of adults. CBAE dominated the national adult education...  
Competency-Based Education (CBE)  A performance-based process leading to demonstrated mastery of skills or knowledge. This process involves identifying specific, measurable competencies...  
Constructivism   Constructivism is a viewpoint in learning theory which holds that individuals acquire knowledge by building it from innate capabilities interacting with...  
Content-Based ESL   This approach to teaching English as a second language makes use of instructional materials, learning tasks, and classroom techniques from academic content...  
Contextual Learning   Contextual knowledge is learning that occurs in close relationship with actual experience. Contextual learning enables students to test academic theories...  
Critical Literacy Theory   Critical literacy theory expands the discussion of literacy practice beyond the basic functions of reading and writing. Where traditional literacy instruction...  
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