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Adult Education Dictionary: Grammar

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Definition
Active Voice   In the active voice, the subject of the sentence does the action. In the passive, the subject receives the action. Example: Hernando caught the fly ball...  
Adjective   An adjective is a modifier or describes a noun or pronoun. Example: I have a blue car. (The adjective blue describes the car)...  
Adjective Clauses   Adjective clauses modify nouns or pronouns. An adjective clause nearly always appears immediately following the noun or pronoun. To test whether a subordinate...  
Adverb   An adverb describes a verb, adjectives, and other adverbs. Example: Steve often skips breakfast. (The adverb often describes when Steve skips breakfast...  
Adverb Clauses   Adverb clauses ususally modify verbs, in which case they may appear nearly anywhere in a sentence. Like other adverbial word groups, they tell when, where,...  
Affixes   Affixes are word parts that are "fixed to" either the beginnings of words (prefixes) or the ending of words (suffixes). The word disrespectful has two...  
Antecedent   An antecedent is the noun that a pronoun represents. Example: Sarah studied five hours for her geology test....  
Article   An article comes before a noun. There are three articles in English: a, an, and the....  
Auxiliary (Helping) Verb   An auxiliary verb occurs with and "helps" a main verb. Example: Tim is fixing his car. (The auxillary verb occurs with and "helps" the main verb, fix...  
Base Form (Verb)   The base form of a verb is the form you find in a dictionary. It has no endings....  
Causatives   The causative is a common structure in English. It is used when one thing or person causes another thing or person to do something. There are two...  
Clause   Clauses are groups of words with a subject and predicate. A main clause stands alone as a sentence; a subordinate clause is incomplete and is used with...  
Comparative Form   Comparative forms make comparisons between two people, places, or things....  
Complement   A complement is any word or phrase that completes the sense of a subject, an object, or a verb....  
Compound Noun   Compound nouns usually form the plural by pluralizing the fundamental part of the word, e.g., attorneys general; spelling matches; vice presidents....  
Compound Words   Compound words are words made up of two other words such as birthday, payday, and bathroom....  
Conjunction   Conjunctions join words, phrases, or clauses; and they indicate the relation between the elements joined. *Coordinating conjunctions are used to connect...  
Count Nouns   Count nouns are things which can be counted. That means that there can be more than one of them. Also, when a count noun is singular and indefinite, the...  
First Conditional   The first conditional (also called conditional type 1) is a structure used for talking about possibilities in the present or in the future. A first conditional...  
Gerunds   Gerunds are nouns formed from verbs: walking, talking, thinking, listening. Gerunds are formed by adding ING to verbs: think + ing = thinking. The spelling...  
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